Researchers at Yale have shown that cutting your calories, even a little bit, might improve your health as you get older, and might help you live longer. In a new study published in the journal Science, the researchers followed more than 200 participants for two years. Half of the group cut their daily calorie intake 14 percent. The rest ate like they normally did. The researchers measured the thymus, a gland that makes many of our immune system cells. The thymus normally produces fewer of these immune cells as we age, which is one reason why older adults are at greater risk for illness. The researchers found that those who decreased their calorie intake had more functional thymus glands, produced more T-cells that fight infection, and were protected from eating-related weight gain compared to those who didn’t cut calories.