Eating brightly colored fruits and vegetables with carotenoids might improve the eye and brain health of women. In a new study published in the journal Nutritional Neuroscience, researchers at the University of Georgia looked at the dietary intake of carotenoids like lycopene, which is found in tomatoes, as well as beta-carotene and lutein, which are found in leafy green vegetables and eggs. They found that higher intake of carotenoids may be important for preventing visual and cognitive loss. They noted higher intake was associated with lower incidence of cataracts and age-related macular degeneration and potentially lower rates of dementia. These carotenoids appear to decrease the oxidative stress to the brain. While eating foods high in carotenoids might lead to a number of positive health outcomes, taking them instead as nutritional supplements might not produce the same benefits.