People who eat more pro-inflammatory foods have a higher risk of later dementia and cognitive decline. In a new study published in the journal Neurology, researchers collected data from over 1,000 adults with an average age of about 73 and followed them for just over three years. They assessed the inflammatory nature of foods eaten by the participants according to the diet inflammatory index. They found that participants who tended to choose fewer processed foods and more nutrient-dense foods had lower incidence of dementia. This study suggests that people following an anti-inflammatory diet, focusing on whole grains, fruits and vegetables, fresh meats, seafood and poultry, and monounsaturated and omega-3 polyunsaturated fats – with less sugar and alcohol, and fewer trans fats and fried foods – have a lower risk of cognitive decline as they age.